Discovered Adriaen Block explored the CT River and landed in the Hartford area. 1844 - Dr. Horace Wells uses anesthesia at Hartford. This review will focus on what the site currently offers, before tantalizing readers with the … [79] Hurricane Sandy had tropical storm-force winds when it reached Connecticut October 29, 2012, with four deaths blamed on the storm. contained 70,000 entries and largely replaced English dictionaries. First gun powder mill in Connecticut started in East Hartford. 1822 - Captain John Davis of New Haven becomes first man to set foot on the Antarctic Continent. [27] Some of the men were veterans of the winter encampment at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania the previous winter. The Indians wanted to take the lands that had been purchased from the Mohegans. 1767. Communication and travel were too difficult, and it was also convenient to have a place for nonconformists to go. Connecticut Western Reserve lands (now Northeastern Ohio) sold for $1,200,000 and the proceeds were used to establish the School Fund. Recently arrived Italians, Poles and others had to cancel plans to return to their home villages. The state did not participate much in the "progressive era," and the Democrats passed only one piece of liberal legislation; it set up a system of workman's compensation. It changes, grows, becomes richer, and more complex when any individual 1849 - First teachers' college founded at New Britain (now Central Connecticut State University). 1990 - Eunice S. Groark, first woman elected lieutenant governor in Connecticut. 1708- Saybrook Platform permits churches to join regional consociations. However, the colony was not chartered and many of the competing colonies tried to absorb New Haven. Only the malapportioned House remained in Republican hands and dominated by rural areas. Greenwich lost 12 residents, Stamford and Norwalk each lost nine and Darien lost six. Timeline: Settlement of the Colony of Connecticut May 26, 2019 • Pre-Colonization and Settlement Up Through 1763, Hide Featured Image, John Davenport, John Winthrop Jr., Everyday Life, Exploration and Discovery, Pequot War, The State The rural Yankee Democrats battled the urban Irish for control of the state party. Connecticut became the fifth Connecticut played an active role in the American Revolution, and became a bastion of the conservative, business-oriented, Constitutionalism Federalist Party. Indian pressures were relieved for some time by success in the ferocious Pequot War. Starting in the 1830s, and accelerating when Connecticut abolished slavery entirely in 1848, African Americans from in- and out-of-state began relocating to urban centers for employment and opportunity, forming new neighborhoods such as Bridgeport's Little Liberia. 1634 - Wethersfield founded by people from Massachusetts. 1755- Connecticut Gazette of New Haven, the Colony's first news… Plymouth Colony sends William Holmes to found a trading post at Windsor. Connecticut History Online (CHO) is not yet what its name suggests it is, but it is a fine resource nonetheless. And each District-Manager shall report to the Town-Manager the names of all republicans absent, and the cause of absence, if known to him." Pennsylvania did not accede to the ruling, however, and open warfare broke out between them and Connecticut, ending with an attack in July 1778, which killed approximately 150 of the settlers and forced thousands to flee. for the winter, sat in the branches of the tree and guarded the charter. John Oldham and others explore and trade along the Connecticut River. On May 1, 1637, leaders of Connecticut Colony's river towns each sent delegates to the first General Court held at the meeting house in Hartford. Want to know about the Great Hurricane of 1938? The Saybrook Platform was a new constitution for the Congregational church in 1708. They deepened their roots in American society, and became permanent residents. [38][39], Connecticut's extensive industry, its dense population, its flat terrain, its proximity to metropolitan centers, and the wealth of its residents made it favorable grounds for railroad building, starting in 1839. 2005 - Connecticut first state to adopt civil unions for same-sex couples without being directed to do so by a court. Two regiments of heavy artillery served as infantry toward the end of the war. Mellen's abrasive tactics alienated public opinion, led to high prices for acquisitions and to costly construction. While the Pequots themselves gathered again along the Thames River, other tribes, especially the Mohegans, grew more powerful, though they had a rivalry with the Narragansetts located in Western Rhode Island and Eastern Connecticut, and this rivalry shaped in a large part diplomatic matters between both Indian tribes and colonial affairs. Jan 9, 1788. Tapping Reeve established the first law school in the United States in Litchfield. 1745- Connecticut troops under Roger Wolcott help capture Louisburg. The conservative elite strongly supported the American revolution, and the forces of Loyalism were weak. CT History 1600's. Connecticut citizens supported it, but not all. The British government finally ruled "that no Connecticut settlements could be made until the royal pleasure was known". They, in turn, were to compile county-wide statistics and send it on to the state manager. The larger, stronger colony of Connecticut to the north did obtain Royal charter in 1662, and it was aggressive in using its military superiority to force a takeover. landed at New London on the banks of the Thames River. 3. These ethnic groups supported the World War (the small numbers of German Americans tried to keep a low profile, encountering hostility and suspicion after the US entered the war.) 1689 - Connecticut resumes government under charter. Serious floods cause heavy damage and loss of life. They also reelected Robert Treat as governor each year until 1698. A timeline displaying the major events leading to Connecticut statehood, including its settlement by the Dutch, the origins of Hartford, Wethersfield, and Windsor, the founding of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies, and Connecticut's acquisition of a formal charter from England. The Platform marked a conservative counter-revolution against a non-conformist tide which had begun with the Halfway Covenant and would later culminate in the Great Awakening in the 1740s. 1861-65 - Approximately 55,000 men serve in Union Army; William Buckingham wartime governor. 1907 - The first Boy Scout Troop in Connecticut (Troop 1) was established in East Hartford. The public-sector unions, covering teachers, police, and city and state employees, have become more powerful, with influence in the Democratic Party.[63]. They had gained middle-class status through good-paying industrial jobs and became stranded. Northrop Geneaology Northrop Family in Connecticut Timeline The Northrup-Northrop genealogy: a record of the known descendants of Joseph Northrup, who came from England in 1637, and was one of the original settlers of Milford, Conn., in 1639 ; with lists of Northrups and Northrops in the Revolution, Ansel Judd Northrup. spy mission for General Washington. The Congregational and Unitarian churches became prominent here. Another Puritan group left Massachusetts and started the New Haven Colony farther west on the northern shore of Long Island Sound in 1637. 1764 - Connecticut Courant, the oldest American newspaper in continuous existence to the present, launched at Hartford by Thomas Green. In 1914, the Republicans pulled themselves together and resumed their control of state politics. However, London demanded some assistance in its numerous wars against France, so the colony sent soldiers into Canada, 1709–1711, during Queen Anne's War. The U.S. state of Connecticut began as three distinct settlements of Puritans from Massachusetts and England; they combined under a single royal charter in 1663. Connecticut relinquishes Westmoreland area to Pennsylvania. [81], On December 14, 2012, Adam Lanza shot and killed 26 people, including 20 children and 6 staff, at Sandy Hook Elementary School in the Sandy Hook village of Newtown, Connecticut, and then killed himself. With the newfound money, great educational and cultural initiatives were carried out, including the construction of the Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center. You There were hundreds of Algonquian tribes, although … Roosevelt's call for America to be the Arsenal of Democracy led to remarkable growth in munition-related industries, such as airplane engines, radio, radar, proximity fuzes, rifles, and a thousand other products. Episcopal Church in United States. [12], The three River Towns, Wethersfield, Windsor and Hartford, had created a general government when faced with the demands of a war. With the ethnics loyal to the Democratic Party, and labor unions at their peak, the Democratic Party strongly endorsed the New Deal coalition and its liberalism. The Foxwoods Casino was completed in 1992 and the enormous revenue it received made the Mashantucket Pequot Reservation one of the wealthiest in the country. When World War I broke out in 1914, Connecticut's large machine industry received major contracts from British, Canadian, and French interests, as well as the U.S. forces. The crisis ended on the third day, and Grasso won accolades from all state sectors for her leadership and strength.[68]. In the Senate all states would be represented equally. His machine, says Lockard, was "efficient, conservative, penurious, and in absolute control. First English settlers in Windsor arrive in summer. One of Connecticut’s most accomplished citizens — and governors — also had one of the state’s most unusual nicknames. 1860 - Lincoln speaks in several Connecticut cities. The Great Awakening bitterly divided Congregationalists between the "New Lights" who welcomed the revivals, and the "Old Lights" who used governmental authority to suppress revivals. Of utmost importance, the managers had to nominate candidates for local elections, and to print and distribute the party ticket. At the same time, the first Governor, [17] The forces of liberalism and democracy emerged slowly, encouraged by the entrepreneurship of the business community, and the new religious freedom stimulated by the First Great Awakening. In that year, Captain John Mason led the colonists to victory over the Pequots.  Hartford. According to the 1650 Treaty of Hartford with the Dutch, the western boundary of Connecticut ran north from the west side of Greenwich Bay "provided the said line come not within 10 miles (16 km) of Hudson River." This relieved the rescue and cleanup authorities from the need to help the mounting number of stuck cars, and allowed clean-up and emergency services for shut-ins to proceed. Connecticut also supplied three batteries of light artillery and one regiment of cavalry. "The Journal of Negro History", "Prudence Crandall", Vol. In 1818, a new constitution was adopted that was the first piece of written legislation to separate church and state in Connecticut, and give equality all religions. This was a major contribution to modern manufacturing processes. Joanna D. Cowden, "The Politics of Dissent: Civil War Democrats in Connecticut,", William J. Breen, "Mobilization and Cooperative Federalism: The Connecticut State Council of Defense, 1917‐1919. 1614 - The first Europeans we saw landing on Connecticut shores were Dutch traders who sailed up the Connecticut River around the year 1614, 1853 - Aetna Life Insurance Company started in Hartford. Civil rights of Jews protected through act guaranteeing equal privileges with Christians in forming religious societies. In 1915 Connecticut had 40,000 automobiles; five years later it had 120,000. In 1806, the state leadership sent town leaders instructions for the forthcoming elections. Their children, born in the U.S. and bilingual, flourished economically in the prosperous 1920s. 1865 - Connecticut General Life Insurance Company founded. First banks established at Hartford, New London and New Haven. The Firelands now constitutes Erie and Huron Counties, as well as part of Ashland County, Ohio. 1941-45 - Approximately 210,000 Connecticut men serve in World War II. However, as the war became a crusade to end slavery, many Democrats (especially Irish Catholics) pulled back. Bailey's usual success in dictating the state ticket was upset in 1970, when the Republican gubernatorial candidate, Congressman Thomas Meskill, defeated a lackluster Democrat. Though what we know as our state began taking shape in 1614 when Dutch explorers sailed up what now call the Connecticut River. [22], The career of a soldier was not held in high prestige in Connecticut. [54][55] The Poles enlisted in large numbers, and generously supported war bond efforts. The settlers had no official charter or permissions, and did not purchase any land rights from the local Indians. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. British troops under General Tryon raid New Haven, Fairfield and Norwalk. Families of the current students removed their daughters. One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six New England states, Connecticut is located in the northeastern corner of the country. The increased standard of living could be seen in the various suburban neighborhoods that began to develop outside major cities. It never arrived. They shared languages based on Algonquian. Weicker was repeatedly reelected until being narrowly defeated in 1988. 1814 - The Hartford Convention was held at the Old State House. 1954 - Nautilus, world's first atomic - Powered submarine, launched at Groton. [26] Major General Israel Putnam chose Redding as the winter encampment quarters for some 3,000 regulars and militia under his command. 1818 - New Constitution adopted by convention in Hartford and approved by voters; ends system of established church. Farming on the poor soil of the colony was a formula for poverty and discouragement. The Ku Klux Klan had a small anti-Catholic and anti-immigrant following in Connecticut in the 1920s, reaching about 15,000 members before its collapse nationwide in 1926 following scandals involving top leaders.[57][58]. 1812 - 14 - War of 1812 unpopular in Connecticut; new manufactures, especially textiles, boom. The Timeline Important Dates in Connecticut's History. Connecticut's contribution to the war also included the large number of Indian allies they brought into the war, including the Mohegans, led by Uncas and the Pequots, of which a small population had reformed from runaway slaves taken at the end of the Pequot War. 2. Connecticut manufactured 4.1 percent of total United States military armaments produced during World War II, ranking ninth among the 48 states. Connecticut's seal for statehood Connecticut became the 5th state in 1788. 1838 - Railroad completed between New Haven and Hartford. [52] Connecticut's population was almost 30% foreign-born by 1910. They funded the establishment of the Saybrook Colony (named for the two lords) at the mouth of the Connecticut River, where Fort Saybrook, was erected in 1636. 1662 - Governor John Winthrop went to England in 1662 to talk to King Charles II. [74], The state's criminal justice system also dealt with the first execution in the state since 1960, the 2005 execution of serial killer Michael Ross and was rocked by the July 2007 home invasion murders in Cheshire. In 1911 combined with New Haven Register and continues as Register to present. Damage totaled $235 million, including 20 houses that were destroyed in East Haven. He promoted her from the legislature, to Secretary of State, to Congress, and finally to the governorship. Fort erected at Saybrook by Lion Gardiner. 1755 - Connecticut Gazette of New Haven, the Colony's first newspaper, printed by James Parker at New Haven. Connecticut's suburbs thrived as people moved to newer housing via subsidized highways, while its cities peaked in the 1950s and then began a slow downhill slide as population spread into widely dispersed regions. Charles Goodyear develops vulcanizing process for rubber. The most famous example of this was the tax on tea. 1848 - Slavery is abolished in Connecticut. This agreement was never really accepted, however, and boundary disputes continued. the charter and the colonists' legal rights. In October 2008, the Supreme Court of Connecticut ordered same-sex marriage legalized. Eaton found a good location in spring 1638 which he named New Haven. More complex was the situation of Senator Thomas Dodd, a Democrat who had been censured by the Senate for his misuse of campaign funds. Weicker retired after a single term. In the Treaty of Hartford in 1638, the various New England colonies and their Native allies divided the lands of the Pequots, along with surviving Pequots, taken captive by the various tribes, amongst themselves. In recognition of the wishes of the residents, the 61,660 acres (249.5 km2) east of the Byram River making up the Connecticut Panhandle were granted to Connecticut. By 1912, the New Haven operated over 2000 miles of track, and 120,000 employees. The educational and intellectual establishment was strongly led by Yale College, by scholars such as Noah Webster and by writers such as Mark Twain, who lived in Connecticut after establishing his association with the Mississippi River. 1687 - In October of 1687, the English Governor, Sir Edmund Andros, who had been appointed by King James, came to Connecticut to take away At the Museum of Connecticut History, you’ll find exhibits that trace the growth of the State and its role in the development of the nation. it in a hollow spot in a large oak tree. [75], On April 11, 2012 the State House of Representatives voted to end the state's rarely enforced death penalty; the State Senate having previously passed the measure on April 5. John Haynes, was chosen. The Mohegan Reservation gained political recognition shortly thereafter and, in 1994, opened another successful casino (Mohegan Sun) near the town of Uncasville. They founded the town of Hartford, which soon became an important center of government and trade. 1787 - Connecticut sent three representatives to the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention; Oliver Ellsworth, William Samuel Johnson and In 1773 the issue was settled in favor of Connecticut and Westmoreland, Connecticut was established as a town and later a county. 1960 - Ground broken for first building in Hartford's Front Street redevelopment area; now known as Constitution plaza. Bailey had an easier time in 1974 gaining re-election of Senator Abe Ribicoff. Following the raid on Wethersfield, the war climaxed when 300 Pequot men, women, and children were burned out of their village, in Mystic.[8]. While the state produced few nationally prominent political leaders, Connecticut has usually been a swing state closely balanced between the parties. The Native Americans give the state its name: Connecticut comes from the Native 1959 - General Assembly votes to abolish county government (effective 1960); also to abolish local justice courts and establish district The colonists did eventually allow themselves to be absorbed by a larger colony … By 1840, 102 miles of line were in operation, growing to 402 in 1850 and 601 in 1860. The New York City skyline can be seen from the park. The First American music school is opened in Salem, Connecticut. 1636 - One of the most famous early Connecticut settlers, the Reverend Thomas Hooker, traveled from Massachusetts with a group of colonists. Wormley, G. Smith. The Connecticut court met and voted on May 9, 1689 to restore the old charter. A patent issued on March 12, 1664, granted the Duke of York (later James II & VII) "all the land from the west side of Connecticut River to the east side of Delaware Bay." When the war was over, the Pequots had been destroyed as a tribe. 86-1. New Haven's political system was confined to church members only, and the refusal to widen it alienated many people. Morgan's quest for monopoly angered reformers during the Progressive Era, most notably Boston lawyer Louis Brandeis, who fought the New Haven for years. [47] Connecticut was the last state (in 1955) to adopt the party primary system, and it was used only if a loser wanted to challenge the choice of the state convention. But in late October 1687, Andros arrived with troops and naval support. Union of New Haven and Connecticut Colonies completed. On September 6, 1781, British forces under Benedict Arnold Starting in the 1890s Morgan began financing the major New England railroads, and dividing territory so they would not compete. While they periodically attempted to regain their land, they were continuously repulsed, until, in December 1783, a commission ruled in favor of Pennsylvania. 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